Independently minded publishing

Creating Risk Capital

A Royalty Fund Solution to the Ownership and Financing of Enterprise

By Ian Whalley

Paperback £35.00 / $56.99
eBook £30.99 / $36.99
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Creating Risk Capital

A Royalty Fund Solution to the Ownership and Financing of Enterprise

By Ian Whalley

Jacket text

Private enterprises are essential to a nation’s economy and society – yet without finance, or risk capital, they may never get off the ground. Lack of risk capital on suitable terms thus frustrates entrepreneurial ambition, and checks economic growth. And, just as damaging, the search for finance can lead companies and businesses into unsuitable funding arrangements – such as bank loans or equity deals with external investors – that burden them with excessive debt or limit the ability of managers to run the business. This book proposes a fresh solution to the search for risk capital that should suit enterprise and investor alike.

Ian Whalley begins by describing the rich inheritance of private enterprises and the financial systems which support them in major market economies. He looks at some serious problems which afflict many enterprises when they seek funding through conventional methods: from small and medium-size firms to major companies, providers of public services and diverse enterprises such as mutual and non-profit organisations. A common theme emerges – enterprises of all types struggle to obtain risk capital without taking on debt or compromising effective management control. The capital is necessary but the drawbacks are potentially fatal.

The book shows how the dual functions of equity – risk capital and ownership capital – can be separated and thus how risk finance can be raised without affecting the ownership or control of a company, and without traditional borrowing. The model for achieving this is royalty funding, a system grounded in the proven and familiar practice of licensing. Under this system enterprises pay for the invested risk capital by means of royalties on the sales revenues they achieve, rather than become debtors or partners to those who provide the funds. Royalty funding will benefit both those who own and manage enterprises and also the investors who receive a contractually committed return whilst maintaining the security of asset ownership in the event of a failure of the enterprise.

Whalley explains how royalty funding could be put into practice for a range of different enterprises, and draws some broad conclusions about the impact that royalty funding could have if used to finance business in the future.

Offering a compelling alternative that complements current financial models this is an essential read for anyone involved in establishing, running or investing in successful enterprises, as well as policymakers and academics.

About the author

Ian Whalley qualified as a chartered accountant. After working in Africa and Europe, he specialised in export credit and overseas project finance at a merchant bank in London and New York. He then worked in risk capital and the licensing of intellectual property, and latterly in the financing and provision of public services. Subsequently he completed a Master of Research degree in order to prepare the ground for this book.



1. Enterprise and its Origins
2. Ownership, Control and Governance
3. Capital and Credit Systems
4. Risk Capital
5. Aspects of Capital Structures

6. Private Enterprises and the Equity Gap
7. Major Public Companies and Governance
8. Public Service Enterprises and Legitimacy
9. Diverse Enterprises and Capital
10. Seeking a Solution

11. Introducing the Royalty Fund
12. Royalty Fund Building Blocks
13. Creating a Royalty Fund
14. Operating a Royalty Fund
15. The Royalty Fund Experience


Published: 27/06/2011
Edition: 1st
Pages: 246
Formats: paperback - ISBN 9780857190918
ebook - ISBN 9780857191540
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